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无论孩子年龄大小,都应该做家务


作者 Kim Bell            编译:AMI中国隶属协会


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Why your kids should be doing chores,

whatever their age

为什么孩子无论年龄大小,

都应该做家务

 

Did you know that acccording to a new study having your toddlers help with chores paves the way for them to become more successful adults?

你知道一项新的研究吗?这一研究表明让你的孩子帮忙做家务能够帮助他们成为更成功的成年人。

 

Helping around the home or being allocated chores helps develop the social nature of your child. While it’s always nice having your toddler help set the table, empty the dishwasher, pack away their toys, and keep their room tidy, teaching your child to be responsible isn’t just keeping him occupied or assisting you. 

帮忙做家务活或被分配家务有助于培养孩子的社交能力。 虽然让你的孩子帮忙摆桌子,清空洗碗机,收拾好他们的玩具,保持他们的房间整洁总是好的,但教会孩子负有责任感不仅仅是让他有事情做或者是帮成人做事情。

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A positive behaviour

积极的行为

Julie Lythcott Haims, former dean of freshmen at Stanford University and author of How to Raise an Adult recently shared this science in her Ted Talk on how parents can raise successful children (without over-parenting), saying: Professional success in lifecomes from having done chores as a kid. She adds that the earlier you start encouraging this behaviour, the better.

前斯坦福大学新生院主任、《 How to Raise an Adult》(如何抚养一位成人)一书的作者Julie Lythcott Haims最近在她的Ted演讲中分享了这一科学知识,她讲述了父母如何抚养成功的孩子(而不是过度养育),她说:“生活中的职业成功……来自于小时候做家务的经历。” 她补充说,越早开始鼓励孩子去做,就越好。

 

If kids arent doing the dishes, it means someone else is doing that for them. And so, theyre absolved of not only the work but of learning that work has to be done and that each one of us must contribute for the betterment of the whole. She bases this on the Harvard Grant Study thats been almost 80 years in the making and looks at how early life experiences have impacted health and ageing over time.

“如果孩子们不洗碗,那就意味着别人在替他们洗碗。因此,他们不仅没有做这个工作,也不会了解到工作是必须的,因为我们每个人都必须为整体的改善而做出贡献。”这是她基于哈佛大学的格兰特研究所得出的,这项研究已经进行了将近80年,研究了人的早期生活经历是如何随着时间的推移影响健康和衰老的。

 

The study, which started in 1938, has expanded to include the original participants offspring (who are now in their 50s and 60s). This, and other research, reveal that those who are involved with chores from an early age go on to become employees who collaborate well and are empathetic to others. Plus, these children are more likely to work on tasks independently, as well as within a team framework.

这项始于1938年的研究已经延伸到包括最初参与者的后代(现在他们已经50多岁和60多岁了)。这项研究和其他研究表明,那些从小就参与做家务的人会成为善于合作、对他人有同情心的员工。此外,这些人更有可能独立完成任务,以及和团队合作完成任务。

 

This follows on from a 2018 study published in Science News that found toddlers may be more geared towards helping and doing real activities than imaginative or fantasy play. This stems from children in farming or hunter-gatherer communities who play with real tools or smaller replicas of the tools, are participating in what amounts to being adult work. Kids like to do real things because they want a role in the real world, suggests psychologist Angeline Lillard of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.

 

这是根据《科学新闻》(Science News2018年发表的一项研究得出的结论,该研究发现,幼儿可能更倾向于帮助和做“真实”的活动,而不是做幻想类游戏。这起源于农耕或狩猎采集时期,儿童玩真正的工具或其较小的复制品,并参加准成年人的工作。“孩子们喜欢做真实的事情,因为他们想在现实世界中扮演角色” ,弗吉尼亚大学的心理学教授Angeline Lillard建议道。

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Real activities compared to imaginary play

真实的活动与想象的游戏相比

While imaginary play does play a role in development, a Developmental Science survey of 100 three- to six-year-olds in the US found only 35% liked to pretend play, while 65% gravitated to real activities. 

尽管想象中的游戏确实在发展中起到了一定的作用,但对美国10036岁的儿童进行的一项发展科学调查发现,只有35%的人喜欢假装类的(想象)游戏,而65%的人喜欢真实的活动。

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Of these, 69% like baking, 74% enjoyed helping to take care of a baby, 60% liked to be involved in dinner preparation and 46% enjoyed washing dishes. Another study, this one out of Pennsylvania State University and Duke University (which followed a group of children from preschool through to 25). Helping around the home or being allocated chores helps develop the social nature of your child. 

其中69%的人喜欢烘焙,74%的人喜欢帮助照顾婴儿,60%的人喜欢参与晚餐准备,46%的人喜欢洗碗。另一项研究来自宾夕法尼亚州立大学和杜克大学(对一群从学龄前到25岁的人进行了跟踪调查)。在家里帮忙或被分配家务有助于培养孩子的社交能力。

This study shows that helping children develop social and emotional skills is one of the most important things we can do to help them prepare for a healthy future, commented Kirsten Schubert, programme director at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the study.  

资助这项研究的罗伯特·伍德·约翰逊基金会(Robert Wood Johnson Foundation)的项目主任Kirsten Schubert评论说:“这项研究表明,帮助儿童发展社交和情感技能是我们能做的最重要的事情之一,可以帮助他们为健康的未来做好准备。”

 


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